In 2015, certified organic perennial crops covered more than 4 million hectares of land worldwide, according to figures from Agence Bio. This area represents 2.5% of all the world’s perennial crop growing land under cultivation. With 22% of the total perennial crop area now certified organic, coffee is the world’s leading organic crop, ahead of olives (27%) and vines (8%).

79% of the world’s organic vineyards are concentrated in Spain, Italy and France. The majority of organic wines are marketed in France, Germany, the USA, Italy and the UK.

In terms of surface area, the next largest crops are nuts (almonds, chestnuts, pistachios, etc.) with 415,000 ha, followed by temperate fruits and berries with 289,000 ha and 50,000 ha respectively worldwide in 2015.

Often subject to very high quality standards, perennial crops are not always easy to manage using organic farming techniques. In practical terms, these crops are subject to multiple biotic and abiotic stresses throughout their production cycle.


The vine is a delicate crop requiring special attention from the disease and yield/quality balance perspective. The availability of the right range of nutrient elements helps to achieve this good balance.

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Pome fruit

Pome fruit growing is often a matter of striking the right balance between quality and quantity. Highly sensitive to changeable weather conditions in the early stages of growth, fruit trees are vulnerable to attacks by pests and pathogens during the fruit ripening period.

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