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Meadows are grassy areas (grasses and/or legumes) and can be:

  • permanent: permanent grassy area
  • temporary: they are used “for a time” in the rotation (from 1 to 5 years)
  • catch crops: grown between two main crops (e.g.: nitrate-fixing intermediate crops)
Our solutions

These meadows have different roles: to feed a herd, manage flora, grazing, mowing etc. These roles are widely studied because meadow management is complex and often underestimated. Meadow management greatly influences the quantity and quality of forage that will fulfil the objectives of various animal feeds.

Flora

Grasses:

Italian rye grass
Perennial rye grass
Meadow fescue
Tall fescue
Dactyl
Timothy grass

Installation

Easy
Easy
Easy
Difficult
Difficult
Slow

Growth

Very Fast
Fast
Fast
Slow
Fast
Slow

Resistance

No
No
Drought
Flooding
Drought
Cold
Drought
Cold
Flooding

Sowing rates
per hectare

15-20 kg
(+ red clover)
15-20 kg
(+ 3kg white clover)
15-20 kg
(+ 3kg white clover)
15-25 kg
(+ 1/3kg clover)
6-8 kg
(+ 2/6kg white clover)
6-8 kg
(+ white clover)

Nitrogen
fertilisation

Demanding
Demanding
Demanding
Demanding
Good
response
Good
response

DM forage
/hectare

10-15 t
5-10 t
5-10 t
10-15 t
10-15 t
10-15 t

Use

Quick
rotation
3-5 year
rotation
Early
grazing
Early
grazing
Summer
grazing
Late
grazing

Legumes:

Red clover
White clover
Lotus
Lucerne

Requirement

Water
Light
Rustic
Heat

Resistance

Humidity
Cold
Drought
Drought

Sowing rates per hectare

20-25 kg
alone 10-15 kg combined
5-7 kg
only 1-5 kg combined
3-4 kg + grasses
+ legumes
20-25 kg
alone 10-12 kg combined

DM forage/
hectare

6-10 t
6-10 t
3-5 t
8-10 t
(15-20 t si irrigué)

Use

Italian or hybrid rye grass
in short -term meadow
+ Perennial rye grass, fescue
for long-term grazing
Replaces lucerne and clover
in difficult terrains
High productivity

Success factors

Fertilisation

Export table of key nutrients (kg/hectare) for a hayfield (intensive) (Source: INRA)

2 cuts
3 cuts
(9 t DM/ha)
3 cuts
(10 t DM/ha)
4 – 5 cuts
(12 t DM/ha)

N

120
190
230
360

P2O5

45
90
100
120

K20

165
270
320
420

MgO

20
40
50
60

CaO

68
126
145
180

SO3

37
50
65
125

Chart showing the nitrogen requirements of a meadow, depending on the farming method (Source: INRA)

Quick rotating grazing meadow
Slow rotation grazing and
mixed mowing/grazing meadow
Silage
Early hay and regrowth hay
1st cycle late hay

kg N/t de DM

30
25
25
20
15

Meadow fertilisation requirements largely depend on the farming method. Nitrogen requirements can increase threefold.

Phosphorus requirements are particularly high in old meadows. Potash is an item exported in large quantities as production intensifies.

Zinc is a secondary element to look out for to ensure good quality forage and to strengthen animal health.


Our solutions for organic farming

Period of application :
– On establishment
– After mowing
– At the end of winter

Sowing objective: strong start-up and rapid development

  • Quick soil occupation to avoid leaving time for weeds to grow
  • Stimulating root growth to rapidly trap as many elements possible and reduce non-productive time
  • Improving stress tolerance for high quality and quantity cutting
  • Obtaining good establishment for results over future years

Objective after mowing or at the end of winter: promoting regrowth and rigorous plants

  • Restarting at the end of winter or following a first cut (stressful action) for subsequent high quality and quantity mowing
  • stress resistance, especially summer weather conditions
  • stimulating the plant to prepare for the stress it will be subjected to over the following months

In addition, our various media will also provide phosphorus, and potassium Essential for the storage of sugars and proteins to ensure quality forage, etc

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Period of application :
– After mowing
– At the end of winter

Objective: enhancing added organic matter with compost and the soil for higher productivity

  • Improving your soil and organic inputs (enhanced farming)
  • Improving the availability of elements for better growth and yield
  • Producing good quantity forage for better autonomy and quality (total nitrogenous materials)

In addition, our various media will also provide calcium and sulphur to strengthen the nutrition your soil and forage quality, etc.

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Period of application :
At the end of winter

Objective : Stimulating the growth of crops for better quality

  • Stimulating root growth
  • Increasing soil fertility by providing organic elements (NPK)
  • Improving nutrient absorption

In addition, our various media provide, for example, potassium, essential for the storage of sugars and proteins to ensure quality forage, etc.

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For personalised advice, please contact our experts:

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