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Cereals are the most common arable crops grown organically worldwide, with around 3.9 million hectares under cultivation in 2015 (according to figures from Agence Bio). Wheat (common, durum and spelt) accounts for 39% of this total area. Nevertheless, this category encompasses a wide diversity of crops, including barley, rice, oats, corn, rye, triticale, etc.

Other organic field crops include:

Oilseeds

(1.2 million hectares in 2015): oilseed rape, sunflower, soya, groundnut, sesame, flax, etc.

Protein crops

(0.4 million hectares in 2015): peas, broad beans and, to a lesser degree, lupins. These crops are concentrated in Europe. Chiefly used in association with other crops, they are separated at harvest to be used for animal feed.

and to a lesser degree pulses, including lentils, chickpeas, dry and semi-dry beans, etc. Currently falling far short of today’s level of European demand, this market is showing a strong upward growth trend

Oilseed rape

Oilseed rape is a valuable oilseed crop in the context of crop rotation, and is in high demand in the marketplace, but is prone to many types of stress, especially biotic stresses.

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Straw cereals

This category contains a very wide range of crops that vary in terms of hardiness and demand, but all share the same development stages.

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